Wednesday, 11 August 2010

Procedural Trees

Organic objects, particularly plants and trees, are every 3D artist's nightmare. They are very familiar objects with a huge amount of detail which is really hard to capture within the memory constraints of pre-rendered graphics and polygon constraints of real time graphics.

The best approach is not to try and model or paint the detail yourself but design a program which can "grow" the graphics for you... The images of branches below are generated by a custom script in ImageJ, this is an example of procedural generation, which can generate huge detail very quickly. The graphics are made up of three parts; the alpha map (black shows that area should be transparent, white indicates opaque), the bump map (which adds depth and shape to the shading of the texture) and the diffuse texture (which provides the colour).

The alpha map (black is transparent).
The bump map (white is higher).
The diffuse texture (the colours to use)

Putting 6 of these computer generated textures together a pretty detailed tree can be made with just a few polygons. These trees render quickly and could be used in a computer game.Software used:
ImageJ - Procedural generation of textures.
Blender - Creation and rendering of 3D models.

Sunday, 8 August 2010

SEM Zoom!

Scanning electron microscopes have an amazing range of magnifications, from around 20x to 20000x! It is very hard to give a sense of this range of scales, so have a look at this video instead... It starts at 25x, about 6mm across the whole field of view, and zooms in to 12000x, about 12um across the whole field of view. The circular objects are glass beads 10um across, for comparison a red blood cell is around 8um across.

Software used:
ImageJ - video generation from a series of SEM images
FFMpeg - video transcoding